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Archives: Welcome

Welcome to the Archives and Special Collections at Washington College

Washington College was chartered in 1782. But, it began as an academy for boys called the Kent County Free School, which was established by an act of the Maryland Assembly in 1723. The college has a long history of collecting and preserving primary resources. It is the first college founded in the newly formed United States, the first college in Maryland, and the country’s tenth oldest institution of higher learning.Original College Building 1782

Unfortunately, the campus suffered two fires, the first in 1827. Board minutes from Friday, January 12, 1827 read, “Yesterday evening about half past seven o’clock it was discovered that the College was on fire. The fire commenced among a parcel of corn blades belonging to Mrs. Sarah B. Blake and then in the cellar under the common hall. In a few hours, the whole building was destroyed.” In 1886, another account suggested the fire was unintentional and accidently set by one of the students who went in the basement to get some fodder. Most records of the college were destroyed. 

A second fire occurred in 1916 in William Smith Hall, which was only 9 years old at the time of destruction. The building housed everything central to running the campus and sadly lost biology, chemistry and laboratory equipment, display cabinets, over 500 books in the bookstore, 125 hymnals, filing cabinets, framed pictures and 3,500 volumes in the library. The building was rebuilt by 1918 at a cost of $76,000. Again, many of the records of the college had been destroyed. Due to the fires, most materials in the archives date from the 1916 period and beyond. 

Faculty and other members of the Chestertown community have collected many of the materials in the archives to support their own research. Materials have been placed in the library for long-term preservation and wider availability.

The Miller Library Archives Collection was dedicated to the memory of Benjamin Kohl Sr., P’ 85 in 2012.



The Archives & Special Collections are open from 9:00-4:00, Monday through Friday, with a break for lunch. 


The Archives are located in the basement of the Clifton M. Miller Library at Washington College. The Special Collections are located throughout the library, please ask the archivist for details. 


Information Coming Soon! 

If you have any materials, objects or items you are considering donating to Washington College Archives & Special Collections, please contact Heather Calloway to discuss your potential gift. Articles related to the history of Washington College, Chestertown, Kent and Queen Anne's Counties, the Eastern Shore and other Chesapeake Bay and Maryland materials are preserved and mainted in the collections.  

Coming soon!